Dr. J. Larry Durstine, Ph.D.
Distinguished Professor Emeritus
Department of Exercise Science
Arnold School of Public Health
University of South Carolina
921 Assembly Street
Public Health Research Center, Room 118
Columbia, SC 29208 – USA
Abstract. Exercise training provides physiologic benefits for both improving athletic performance and for developing and maintaining good health across the lifespan. Though many different exercise training strategies exist, two common strategies are high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate-intensity continuous exercise training (MCT). HIIT was developed early in the 20th century and later in this century popularized to improve competitive athletic performance. The primary premise underlying HIIT is that when compared to energy expenditure-matched MCT, a greater amount of work is performed at a higher exercise intensity during a single exercise session of shorter time. This greater amount of work is achieved by alternating high-intensity work intervals with low-intensity work or rest intervals. The scientific literature strongly supports HIIT as enhancing both athletic performance and providing health benefits for patients having a chronic disease. Recommendations have been put forth to include HIIT in the disease comprehensive medical management plan. Accordingly, a major consideration in developing an exercise prescription for any individual including a chronic disease patient is the selection of an appropriate training strategy. The focus of this presentation is too briefly summary the use of HIIT to enhance the functional capacity of individuals in health and disease.
J Larry Durstine is a Distinguished Professor Emeritus in the Department of Exercise Science at the University of South Carolina. Before arriving at the University of South Carolina, Dr. Durstine earned his Ph.D. in Exercise Physiology/Biochemistry and Medical Physiology from the University of Toledo and The Medical College of Ohio at Toledo in Toledo, Ohio. He received his Master of Science degree from the University of Denver in Denver, Colorado, and his Bachelor of Science degree from Malone College in Canton, Ohio. He is a past President of the American College of Sports Medicine, has published approximately 90 referred research manuscripts, and has written and edited ten professional books and 40 book chapters. His primary research area is the evaluation of regularly practiced exercise and the impact of a single exercise session on blood lipid and lipoprotein concentrations. Most importantly, Dr. Durstine has sought to better understand the role of physical activity and exercise in the management of chronic disease. For most diseases, daily physical activity or prescribed exercise will reduce disease risk while having a tremendous impact on primary and secondary disease prevention and treatment. Dr. Durstine has a strong commitment to daily exercise, has run competitively in high school and college, and continues today to exercise for “the health of it.”